Benefits Stretch beyond Charitable Giving
Many affluent individuals view the family foundation as a means for meeting specific philanthropic goals. For some, it also creates visible evidence of a donor’s charitable intent. In addition, a family foundation may serve two unique purposes within the confines of familial walls. A foundation can assist a donor in maintaining the integrity of his or her charitable intent for many years into the future, as well as help to inspire the character, sense of community, and love of knowledge of future generations. Establishing a Philanthropic Legacy A family foundation allows a wealthy donor to establish a set of ground rules for future charitable work, as well as provide heirs with incentives to carry forward the donor’s (and family’s) philanthropic legacy. However, this can only be achieved by carefully evaluating existing and potential family relationships and implementing proper planning. Generation after generation, the grant-making agenda of new board members may begin to differ from that of the original donor. In addition, it is equally possible that the philanthropic vigor displayed by the original donor may be lost in future years. Hence, some donors may feel the need to have at least one “outsider” seated on the foundation’s board to provide stability and objectivity. However, the involvement of outside professionals can slowly move a family foundation toward the direction of a public foundation—something that future heirs may indeed favor, but the original donor (and the current board) may wish to avoid. To alleviate these potential future problems, a donor can tie an incentive-based estate plan together with the family foundation. In doing so, the donor can create a family environment and attitude that is more consistent with the donor’s goal of preserving the integrity of the foundation. Under such an arrangement, heirs are rewarded for overall participation and employment by the foundation, as well as the execution of the foundation’s original mission. Family Involvement—More Than an Incentive Wealth certainly provides many heirs with an additional means to help meet specific goals. However, one of the greatest challenges that some heirs will face in their lifetimes is learning how to grapple with inherited wealth. For some parents (or grandparents), teaching a child (or grandchild) to be willing to learn complex financial subjects and management skills is an equally imposing challenge. In addition to providing a means for gaining insight into the importance of charitable giving, a family foundation creates an ideal platform for heirs to hone their finance and management skills—in essence, their life skills. Heirs can be involved in a family foundation as volunteers, employees, and/or board members. As a volunteer or employee, an heir can gain valuable business management skills, as well as witness firsthand the positive impact charitable giving can have on the community. Heirs who are selected to become board members will further delve into the decision-making and grant-making process, which can foster greater accountability and expand knowledge of financial matters. If the donor already has several grown children who are regularly involved in the family foundation, he or she may consider making all of them board members. If this is logistically impractical, it may be wise to establish a rotating seat on the board. For instance, every two years, a different child would occupy a seat on the board. Additionally, one might suspect that the age of a younger heir might limit his or her overall participation in the foundation. On the contrary, many donors welcome the opportunity to start heirs early when it comes to financial and philanthropic education. How young is too young? That depends on each individual set of circumstances. Generally, twelve- and thirteen-year-olds are certainly not too young to volunteer some of their time and begin to gain an understanding of “charity.” In fact, it is fairly common for many donors to have their entire families participate, to some degree, in their foundation’s activities. To enhance the learning experience, some donors have initiated creative methods for promoting life skills development, in addition to more traditional foundation activities. For instance, a donor could set up a contest in which each heir is responsible for managing $10,000 of the foundation’s assets. After a specified period of time, all portfolios are analyzed and discussed. Or, when younger, school-aged heirs are involved, a donor could establish an essay contest asking each heir to write about a charity they would wish to benefit. Again, all essays, when complete, are reviewed and discussed. In both cases, modest prizes are given to heirs whose portfolios yielded positive returns, or whose essays were well written and topical. The benefits of such programs can be immeasurable for the participant, the donor, and ultimately, the foundation. A Lifetime of Dividends Without question, philanthropy is extremely important to many affluent individuals. At the same time, many may wonder how they can instill in their children, and/or other heirs, a similar sense of passion for philanthropic pursuits. Similarly, many affluent individuals may be concerned about how they can school future generations in handling wealth. When properly established, the family foundation can provide the means to accomplish both goals.